William Roscoe Cumpston Greene County Pennsylvania

Map of Pennsylvania highlighting Greene County

Map of Pennsylvania highlighting Greene County (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

It has been a very busy time for me in the last 3 weeks having received 8 sightings of CUMPSTONs – all sent to me by their descendants.  Many thanks to you all and by now you will be able to view the new page for your ancestors on my website at www.cumpston.org.uk

One of those who wrote was Lt Col G. W. Cumpston USMC (RET)  annmasc65@aol.com
He told me of his father William Roscoe Cumpston.

I am the son of W,R. Cumpston, born in 1895 in Greene County Pa. Served as a musician in the US Army in WW I died in 1966. He had 10 siblings.  He had a Teaching Certificate from Waynesburg Normal School which later became Waynesburg College. I became a career Officer in USMC and retired in 1984. I hold a BS degree from Chaminade U in Honolulu Hi and MA in education from Pepperdine U with 2 sons William Russell Cumpston born 1961 and Andrew M Cumpston born 1963. For your interest, a Cumpston from Ohio won a Medal of Honor while serving for the North in the Civil War. My son William aka “Rusty” graduated from UNC Chapel Hill and son Andrew graduated from NC State.
Warm regards. George W Cumpston

He now has a new page on my website at

You can see it at http://www.cumpston.org.uk/#/wr-cumpston/4563695778  where you will see his WWI and WW2 registration cards.  You can also see details of other family members in the 1920 United States Federal Census:

Goldie M  CUMPSTON 33
Barney M Cumpston 31
Earl J Cumpston 29
Annie M Cumpston 18
Roscoe W Cumpston 26
Ray C Cumpston 24
Ora E Cumpston 21
Nannie A Cumpston 19
Harry M Cumpston 17
Edward C Cumpston 15

Many thanks George for this information which helped me put together a new family tree.

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Cumpston website update

Many thanks to all those who have been visiting my Guild of One Name Studies CUMPSTON website.  Over the last 2 weeks I have been uploading lots of new data about 11 more families.  The site is now 3 years old and has had over 380,000 hits.  There are now 506 pages of information and new families include the following:

http://www.cumpston.org.uk/#/charles-hartwell-compston/4562108945  update of information re Charles Hartwell COMPSTON and his family

http://www.cumpston.org.uk/#/edw-compston-1-1792-kendal/4539318726  linked this family with http://www.cumpston.org.uk/#/edward-compston-2-kendal/4538862969

http://www.cumpston.org.uk/#/henry-cumpston-keswick-d-1909/4539409835 A new page for Henry Cumpston of Keswick born 1862

http://www.cumpston.org.uk/#/robert-compston-kendal/4563070018 lots of new information about Robert Compston of the Diamond Fields Horse regiment.

http://www.cumpston.org.uk/#/samuel-compston-kendal-1844/4539475901 More work on Samuel Compston of Kendal born 1787

http://www.cumpston.org.uk/#/thomas-compston-kendal/4563097286 a new page on Thomas Compston relative of Samuel of Kendal and Thomas’ brother William at


http://www.cumpston.org.uk/#/william-cumstone-1609-kendal/4563103199 a page for my earliest Kendal entries

http://www.cumpston.org.uk/#/derbyshire-births/4533438431 lots of work on Derbyshire births linking 3 families together

http://www.cumpston.org.uk/#/ethel-rubina-cumpstone/4563148711 a huge new family tree for Ethel Rubins CUMPSTONE born 1898 in Shardlow Derbyshire

If you have any  CUMPSTON sightings (or for the 42 variants and deviant forms of the name) do let me know.







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London and Surrey, England, Marriage Bonds and Allegations, 1597-1921 and UK, Victoria Cross Medals, 1857-2007

8bit 300dpi Scanned Image of Victoria Cross Me...

8bit 300dpi Scanned Image of Victoria Cross Medal Ribbon & Bar. Medal design was UK Crown copyright prior to 1952 and now in the public domain. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Two big releases from Ancestry – the London and Surrey, England, Marriage Bonds and Allegations, 1597-1921 and UK, Victoria Cross Medals, 1857-2007. Here’s some blurb from the site:

About London and Surrey, England, Marriage Bonds and Allegations, 1597-1921 
This database contains marriage allegations and bonds created by individuals applying for marriage licenses in parishes in the Diocese of Winchester (Surrey) and the Diocese of London, England.

Historical Background
Before civil registration began in 1837, most people in England during the timespan of these records married by banns or by license, as required by law. The process of requesting a license included providing a written allegation stating a couple’s intent to marry and asserting that there were no legal obstacles to the marriage. From 1604 until 1823, the allegation was made sure by bond. Two witnesses, one of them typically the groom, swore to the bond, which would be forfeit if the claims of the allegation proved false and a legal impediment to the marriage, such as consanguinity, arose.

Marriage allegations and bonds often exist where licenses don’t because, while the license was given to a member of the wedding party to present to the officiant at the ceremony, the allegation stayed with the authority who issued it.What Is in the Records

This database contains marriage allegations and bonds from parishes in the Diocese of Winchester (Surrey) and the Diocese of London. Marriage allegations typically listed the following details:

  • groom      (name, age, marital status, occupation, parish)
  • bride      (name, age, marital status, parish)
  • parish      where the marriage was to take place
  • Minors      might list father, mother, or guardian. Ages sometimes indicated only that      the party was 21 or older.

About UK, Victoria Cross Medals, 1857-2007
This database lists names, gravesites, and other details for recipients of the Victoria Cross, Britain’s highest award for valour “in the face of the enemy.”Since the Victoria Cross was first awarded to honor acts of valour during the Crimean War, the medal has had more than 1,350 recipients. This database provides details on all medals awarded up to the year 2007, including the results of extensive research on the final resting places of the recipients. Records typically include

  • name
  • last      known rank and unit
  • location      and description of deed
  • birth      date
  • death      date
  • place of      burial (as applicable)
  • description      of memorial (as applicable)

Pages include photographs for most of the medal recipients as well. When photos of the individual were not available, other related photos have been included, such as pictures of the gravesite or medal. Records are organized by the date on which the award was given rather than the date on which the meritorious action took place.

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Searching for surnames

picture by Mike Cumpston

picture by Mike Cumpston (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

There is a very useful top level search which can be done for those interested in searching for surnames.  Visit http://www.surnameweb.org/  to get an idea of how it works.

Here are the results for my own CUMPSTON research http://www.surnameweb.org/Cumpston/surnames.htm

Cumpston Surname Search

Family Tree Search for Cumpston Genealogy

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CUMPSTONE entry in New Zealand newspaper

There is a quaint story told in the Waikato Times 23 March 1886 about Mr Cumpstone making a valuable find of a seam of gravel.

Can anyone identify him from these few facts?  Could he be George – see my website at  http://www.cumpston.org.uk/#/george-compston-waihi/4538630658

Or could he be from this family?


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New Zealand papers on line

Papers Past contains more than two million pages of digitised New Zealand newspapers and periodicals. The collection covers the years 1839 to 1945 and includes 70 publications from all regions of New Zealandhttp://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/

Latest additions to Papers Past (February 2012):

I found a number of references to Dr JHL Cumpston, Federal Director of Quarantine, one of my Australian relatives.  You can read more about him on my Guild of One Name Studies website at


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Bradford Tithe maps

Harnessed dray horse with omnibus cart, at Bra...

Harnessed dray horse with omnibus cart, at Bradford Industrial Museum, Bradford, West Yorkshire, England. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Bradford Family History Society www.bradfordfhs.org.uk has a an announcement on its website concerning a project it is working in collaboration with West Yorkshire Archives Service:

“We are working with West Yorkshire Archive Service to make the tithe maps for our area,and their apportionments, available to the public via the internet. We are sponsoring the digitisation of the maps and helping with the transcriptions. See www.tracksintime.wyjs.org.uk for an example of a similar project.

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UK National Inventory of War Memorials + Captain Robert Falcon Scott

Scott and his men at the south pole. Left to r...

Scott and his men at the south pole. Left to right:Scott, Bowers, Wilson, and P. O. Evans. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

We had a fascinating evening in Kendal last week listening to the account of Dr Edward Adrian Wilson, who, as well as acting as the party’s medical doctor, was a talented artist and naturalist. Wilson’s paintings survived the expedition and show the wildlife encountered as well as portraits of members of the party battling the elements.  His great nephew Christopher Wilson has produced a beautiful book of Wilson’s paintings.

The following item has been produced by Frances Casey, Project Manager at the UKNIWM

One lesser known fact is that the UK National Inventory of War Memorials also records memorials to those who died whilst in active service as a result of accident or disease as ‘non-combat’ deaths. One such case of note is that of Captain Robert Falcon Scott, who died one hundred years ago today on 29th March 1912, whilst attempting to return from the British Antarctic Expedition to reach the South Pole.

The expedition, also known as the Terra Nova Expedition, named after the ship in which the party sailed, was a private venture for which Scott was responsible.

In 1909, released on half-pay from his position as naval assistant to the Second Sea Lord, Scott began to plan and then took command of the expedition, which he intended to be the first to reach the South Pole.

On 1st November 1911, the party set off, yet the five-man team that eventually succeeded in reaching the Pole on 18th January 1912 were disappointed to find that the Norweigian explorer Roald Amundsen had been there before them. Returning home, they faced severe weather conditions, scant rations and failing health.

Captain Scott was on active service in the Royal Navy when he died, weakened by hunger and unable to proceed due to blizzard conditions, and that is why, despite the fact that he did not die in war or conflict, we include memorials that commemorate his death. Of his four companions, all of whom perished, three were in service at the time of their deaths.

Captain Lawrence E G Oates is listed in the Army List (1913) as previously employed with the British Antarctic Expedition since 1910 and in ‘Special extra-Regimental employment’ (29 March 1910). Oates, an officer with the 6th (Inniskilling) Dragoons, saw action in the Second Boer War, during which time he received a wound to his leg.

On the return journey from the South Pole, Oates suffered severe frostbite to his feet and his old wound was aggravated by this condition. Fearing that his ill health was a burden on the other members of the party and would slow their progress, on 16th March 1912, he left the tent in which they were sheltering with the words, recorded by Scott in his diary, “I am just going outside and may be some time”. Captain Oates is thought to have died on 17th March 1912, the date of his 32nd birthday. Memorials to Oates include one erected this year, on the anniversary of both his birth and death, on the wall of his family home in Meanwoodside (now Meanwood Park), Leeds.

Lieutenant Henry Robinson Bowers, who played a key role in navigating the team to the Pole, was serving with the Royal Navy and Royal Indian Marine at the time of his death, which is also thought to be around the 29th March 1912. Edgar Evans, who died on 17th February 1912, was a Petty Officer in the Royal Navy.

The most striking memorial to Scott is perhaps that which shows him in Arctic weather clothing. Sculpted by his widow, Lady Scott, a professional sculptress, it was commissioned and paid for by officers of the Royal Navy and is in memory of all five members of the expedition who died. Lady Scott also sculpted the memorial to Dr Edward Wilson in his home town of Cheltenham, which we have not recorded in the Inventory due to Wilson’s civilian, non-war related status.

Other notable non-combat death memorials are to Captain Cook , who was killed in Hawaii in 1779 whilst conducting an exploration of the Northern Pacific, Captain Francis Crozier, who is thought to have died in 1848 when attempting to return from the 1845 expedition with Sir John Franklin in search of the North-West passage, and Major General Henry Havelock who died in 1857 of dysentery contracted during the Indian Mutiny (1857-58).


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Photos from 1895 – the English Coast line


Staithes (Photo credit: David Le Masurier)

Scans of Round the Coast 1895 are freely available from Rosemary & Stan Rodliffeat

http://www.thornburypump.co.uk/Coast1895/   They cover the coast of England and places in Yorkshire for which photos and commentaries are available are: Redcar, Staithes, Runswick, Whitby, Robin Hood’s Bay, Scarborough, Filey, Flamborough, Bridlington and Hull. The commentaries are fascinating because they provide some local history and describe the burgeoning tourist industry.

I love the  original introduction which states:

We have not the least hesitation in placing this work before the English-speaking world, knowing full well that it would almost be impossible to find, throughout the length and breadth of our peerless Empire, a solitary individual who is wholly unacquainted with Margate, and Brighton, and Scarborough.  We love our haunts by the sea; the poorest among us regards his favourite resort pretty much as the rich man does his country seat – as a place of relaxation from the hurly-burly of life, and yet a home withal.  Therefore, we asseverate – and   that without fear of contradiction – that it would be impossible to place upon the table in a British household a more interesting souvenir of happy days than this volume.  It requires no great effort of the imagination to picture a few friends of long standing glancing through this work.  How the eyes brighten at the sight of a familiar spot!  And how vividly the old associations crowd back to the mind – memories of glowing, careless days, that gave new life to the jaded worker, and caused the brain-weary to forget their ineffable  taedium vitae .     




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Screen capture of FamilySearch.org web site

If your ancestor went to New Zealand, you may wish to check FamilySearch www.familysearch.org out, as it has just added 358,395 probate record images from 1878-1960.

The records were created by local courts throughout New Zealand regions. An index is available on the Archives of New Zealand website http://www.archway.archives.govt.nz/ which will give the probate file number associated with a name. Some records at the beginning of the file sets are often out of numerical order. This collection is being published as images become available.

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